Cannabis Temperature For Indoor Grow Rooms

How to get the right temperature for growing cannabis plants

Growing temperature is very important to encourage photosynthesis and promote the health of cannabis plants, especially in grow rooms. Improper temperature can make or break a crop and should be very carefully monitored throughout the plants’ growth cycle.

Temperature and Cannabis Plants

The temperature at which a cannabis plant is grown is vital to the health of the plant. Temperature affects internodal growth, the rate of water absorption, respiration, and the PH level of the growing medium.

Sometimes even small variations in temperature over long periods of time can stunt growth and cause long-term problems in root growth.

Changes in temperature can also be used to simulate nighttime as well as a tool to trigger flowering.

Ideal Temperature In Your Cannabis Grow Room

A standard, well ventilated grow room should be kept between 75-85 degrees Fahrenheit under optimal conditions.

Temperature can be raised or lowered according to your plants’ needs. For example, if you’re providing extra CO2 to your plants, your cannabis grow room temperature should be raised to 86-90 degrees for efficient absorption.

“Nighttime” temperatures should be slightly lower at about 71 degrees to prevent stretching but ensure your plants “sleep” and recover.

Measuring Temperature In Your Cannabis Grow Room

It’s best to measure the temperature in the shade of your grow room, as well as in several different locations.

Using a digital thermometer with a separate sensor will allow you to measure temps from outside of the grow room while the lights are off.

Lowering the Temperature Of Your Cannabis Grow Room

HPS and other high output lights can produce far more heat than is safe for the survival of your cannabis plants.

Always run an extractor fan when using these lights to circulate and pull heated air from your grow room.

If your lights have ballasts or generators, keep them outside the growing area if possible.

You might also consider air conditioning units, but only as a last resort as these can drastically increase your overhead costs.

Increasing the Temperature Of Your Cannabis Grow Room

You’ll rarely need to increase temps during “day” hours, as the lights typically are sufficient. At night, you can hold heat in your space by shutting off the extractor fan.

You may need to add a simple space heater or radiator to supplement nighttime heat, though these can be costly to run.

Monitor the temperature of your grow room carefully (both day and night) and adjust the heat accordingly for maximum efficiency.

The botanical experts at SoHum Living Soil know all of the best practices when growing cannabis. Let us share our knowledge with you by clicking through our articles on the subject or stop by our store in Denver to speak to our knowledgeable staff.

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Cultivation Requirements for Cannabis Plant Growth

Cultivation Requirements for Plant Growth

A growth medium is one of the most important elements of health for any plant. The classic growth medium, of course, is outdoor soil.

Over the years, growers have experimented with a wide range of solid, semi-solid, and liquid growth media, each with unique traits. The right growth medium is essential to ensuring that the plant steadily receives all the nutrients it needs.

 

1. Warmth

No matter where they are naturally found, all plants require sufficient warmth to thrive. For all living things, biological activity decreases as temperatures decrease. Plus, cold air simply has less life-giving moisture than warmer air.

With sufficient warmth, cells throughout the plant are empowered to engage fully in photosynthesis, converting heat from sunlight into energy.

 

2. Sufficient Light

Plants are unique in that light is essential for them throughout their entire lifespan. As sunlight reaches a plant, the green pigment called chlorophyll absorbs it.

This generates the energy to meet systemic demands for photosynthesis, where carbon dioxide is

altered into a natural food source. The process also results in the oxygen we all breathe.

 

3. Enough Water

Water is the other key element in photosynthesis. Without it, plants wither and die. Unlike light and air, water must usually be absorbed through the root system.

Roots carry the water to all of the leaves, flowers, and other components of the plant.

Along with carbon dioxide, water is the fuel transformed by chemical action into glucose, sugar the plant uses for growth and repair.

 

4. Proper Nutrients

All plants require certain essential nutrients. Some flourish with a different ratio of elements than others, but all of them need the same basic building blocks.

For example, all fertilizers must contain some amount of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium to be effective. This is the key to the best possible blend of super soil: Delivering the right nutrients in the right combinations through natural, highly bioavailable sources.

If you are on the hunt for organic super soil for sale, you needn’t look any further. Our living soil for sale is completely organic, developed by and for growers. It can be used with ease in both indoor and outdoor growing environments – and it’s ideal for demanding crops throughout the entire annual life cycle.

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What are worm castings?

worm-castingsWhat are worm castings?

Worm castings are an organic form of fertilizer produced from various worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms. Organic Earthworm Castings are 100% Natural, with a healthy, earthy odor and the appearance of coffee grounds.

Also known as vermicast, worm castings manure is essentially earthworm waste, otherwise known as worm poo. As these creatures eat through compost, their waste creates an optimal soil enricher. Worm castings resemble football-shaped particles that improve soil aeration and drainage, as well as increase water retention in the soil.

Worm Castings are the richest natural fertilizer known to humans. It’s a fact that as little as a tablespoon of pure worm castings provides enough organic plant nutrients to feed a 6″ potted plant for more than two months. Hard to believe, but it is an amazing truth.

Adding this casting manure to the soil aerates and improves its overall structure while providing beneficial nutrients to plants. They are also effective for repelling many pests that feed on plants, such as aphids and spider mites.

Quality Assurance:

  • Lab Tested: 99% Pure Organic Worm-Castings
  • Not produced with yard waste, landfill waste or compost
  • Not made with Horse, Cow or any grazing animal manure
  • Guaranteed Weedseed free
  • Organic Material Review Institute “OMRI” listed
  • Indoor manufactured and fed a controlled quality diet
  • The worms Diet includes high quality mineral rock dust
  • Free of E-Coli and Salmonella
  • Contains natural soil microbes
  • Guaranteed the Highest Standard for Worm-Castings

 

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Nutrient Deficiency in Cannabis Plants: Expert Guide

Nutrient Deficiencies in Cannabis plants will destroy their chance of growing into large, blooming buds. Growers use nutrients to grow big, beautiful, sticky buds. Whether you’re growing soil or hydroponic, plants need precise ratios and levels of properly configured nutrients or amendments to ensure your crop meets expectations. However, the mishandling and improper balance of them can have a negative impact on your grow.

Your garden will suffer when plants are given the wrong kind of nutrients, when they are fed nutrients at the wrong time, when they are fed too much of a given nutrient, or when they have not had enough of a nutrient. Here are some common problems associated with nutrient deficiency:

Nitrogen Deficiency in Cannabis Plants

Cannabis grows fast and requires generous amount of nitrogen as it matures. Nitrogen is part of a group of three primary nutrients for plant growth; the other two being phosphorus and potassium (more on this later). This nutrient can be found mainly in the leaves and shoot tips of the plant. Nitrogen is responsible for many of the healthy developments of the plant; including the production of enzymes, proteins and chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is the component responsible for the green color of leaves, seeing leaves turn yellow is a telltale sign of Nitrogen deficiency

Causes:

  • Pests
  • Undersized containers
  • Poor Soil Quality
  • pH Imbalance
  • Lack of fertilizing

Symptoms:

The lower leaves yellow between the veins. Eventually, the whole leaf will become yellow. It will wither and die and plant growth will become inhibited.

The plants will stay short and underdeveloped if nitrogen deficiency is severe in the growth phase.

During the flower stage, nitrogen deficiency can lead to a decrease in your crop’s yield. Please keep in mind, during the last three weeks of flowering, healthy plants will not require nitrogen.

Yellowing and the shedding of leaves is a natural part of the final weeks of flowering.

 

Phosphorus Deficiency in Cannabis Plants

Phosphorus is required at all stages of plant development, especially during root and bud growth. This nutrient is necessary component of enzymes and proteins.

There are a lot of chemicals that contain high levels of phosphorus and in doing so, supposedly increase bud production.

This results in plants having extremely high dosages of phosphorus, making them overfed.

Causes:

  • Poor soil quality; loamy or waterlogged soil
  • A pH imbalance
  • Lack of fertilizing
  • Over-Fertilization

Symptoms:

In younger plants, a phosphorus deficiency will slow growth. This underdevelopment will lead to a poor root zone and small bluish-green leaves.

Plants in the flowering stage of development will have leaves turn reddish-purple. Bud growth and yield will be low if a phosphorus deficiency sets in during early to mid-flowering. Further, plants will have an overall lack of vigor and resistance to pests.

 

Potassium Deficiency in Cannabis Plants

Potassium should be made available to the plant through out the entire life cycle of the plant. Potassium is important for the generation of energy, as well as improving plant and root growth. As such, it plays an important part in regulating transpiration, the manufacture of chlorophyll, starches and sugars.

Causes:

  • Poor soil quality
  • Over-fertilization

Symptoms:

A potassium deficiency is similar to a nitrogen deficiency; the leaf deterioration shares a resemblance but one differentiation is the rust-colored spots. Potassium deficiency may turn healthy leaves brown; this is due to a disruption in transpiration. In severe cases, stems will become brittle. This deficiency is most common in flower phase and will dramatically impact yields.

 

Magnesium Deficiency in Cannabis Plants

This is one of the most common nutrient deficiencies in indoor cultivation facilities. This occurs because of factors that can inhibit the uptake or availability of Magnesium.

The purpose of magnesium is to encourage strong, healthy veins and stimulus of the creation of leaves. Also, it plays an important role in breaking down enzymes and producing chlorophyll.

Causes

  • Acidic soil
  • Over-fertilization
  • High calcium content

Symptoms

First indications of this problem are similar to nitrogen deficiency, the lower to middle leaves yellow between the veins. Eventually, the entire leaves will become yellow.

The telltale sign of Magnesium deficiency are the rusty spots that appear dotted throughout the leaves. This will distinguish Mg deficiency from lack of nitrogen.

Also, leaf edges appear necrotic and curl up. Some leaves develop a whitish tinge.

 

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How Much Water Does It Take to Grow Cannabis?

How much water do your cannabis plants need?

One of the challenges of growing cannabis indoors is knowing how much water to feed your plants. In nature, plants have the advantage of natural rainfall and drainage and only need to be watered during drought conditions.

Watering your indoor plants too little or too much will stunt production, and water waste can drastically increase your overhead. So how do you get it right?

How Much Water Should You Add to Cannabis Plants?

A good standard to work with is one gallon of water per day for each pound of processed flower you expect to harvest from each plant. The finished weight will obviously change according to how long you allow your plants to veg before forcing flower, so adjust your water per plant accordingly.

This ratio was determined by the Emerald Growers Association and the Mendocino Cannabis Policy Council after polling numerous cannabis farmers about their water usage.

How Much Water Does It Take To Produce a Standard Eighth Of Cannabis?

1.875 total gallons per 1/8th of usable cannabis.

Use this figure when calculating your overhead costs if you’re adhering to the 1:1 ratio of one gallon per day per pound of processed flower.

 

How Often Should You Water Your Cannabis Plants?

Your watering schedule will vary according to the temperature of your grow area as well as the strain, health, and size of your plants. When determining a watering schedule, observe your plants every day.

Do the stalks look rigid or weak?

Do the leaves look colorful and vibrnt or do they look droopy and pale?

Also, consider utilizing gravity-fed watering systems that allow plants to take water in from the bottom u, taking the guesswork out of the equation.

 

How Do I Water Cannabis More Efficiently?

By following the below points, you’ll increase your chances of having success with growing cannabis:

• Use SoHum Living Soils® for best moisture retention and drainage
• Install a drip line system for maximum water control
• If you find yourself using more than the 1:1 ratio, consider moving your plants to larger pots to retain water longer
• Monitor your plants daily; as cannabis plants are living beings and can be unpredictable
• Utilize gravity fed watering systems or bottom watering containers
It is imperative to calculate water costs when growing cannabis. If a grower is not careful, the financial and environmental impacts of using too much water can be extreme.

At SoHum Living Soils®, our team consists of experts on growing cannabis, and our website features many articles on best practices.

For a more personal experience, contact us with questions or visit our store in Denver to speak with our knowledgeable team about your cultivation questions.

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What Is Super Soil? The Growing Game-changer

What Is Super Soil and What Are Its Benefits

Super soil has gained created popularity among growers, with the boom of the legal cannabis industry, a peaceful arms race of sorts has emerged and growers are under pressure to create bigger, better buds that are first to market. With this pressure came high-tech treatments and techniques that have become an industry standard. Most of these techniques come with a downside at the expense of rapid turnover, often sacrificing potency or flavor, and few can be called “green” due to the harsh chemicals used in the cultivation process.

More conscientious growers have gone back to the basics, realizing that the best product isn’t one created by impatient humans over the course of a few decades; it is the one that nature has perfected over millions of years. Soil is a key component of Mother Nature, and the best growers are following suit.

 

What Is Super Soil?

“Super soil,” is a growing medium that utilizes nature’s processes to cultivate healthier cannabis plants without using artificial ingredients. This soil uses the same microorganisms found in nature to break down organic material and convert it to a full spectrum of micro and macronutrients. Super soils, such as SoHum Living Soils®, are also developed to perfectly maintain moisture, aeration and acidity levels in your cannabis plant’s root system throughout its natural life cycle.

 

Benefits of Super Soil

The primary benefit of using a living soil like the one formulated by SoHum Living Soils® is that of superior quality! Super Soil yields tastier, ecologically derived, more potent and larger buds than an artificial soil or a hydroponic growing. If growing the best cannabis available isn’t enough for you, super soil is also safer for the environment. You can lower your carbon footprint overnight by switching to super soil as your growing medium, whether you’re growing indoors or outdoors. And you just can’t beat super soil when it comes to ease of use. No fertilizer, no more pH adjustment, flushing, or changing soil between vegging and flowering. Just water, prune, and harvest amazing cannabis!

 

Tips for Using Super Soil

Through research and good old-fashioned trial and error, we’ve compiled this list of best practices that can help you get premium cannabis flower with less effort using SoHum Living Soils®. The following list contains just a few points, so be sure to follow our blog to learn more cannabis growing tips and keep up to date with the latest trends.

  • Though SoHum Living Soils® can cultivate from seed, it is formulated to best nurture seedlings and clones with developed root systems
  • Keep cannabis transplants in a humid environment (70-80% RH) until they develop new vegetative growth
    When possible, use dechlorinated or reverse osmosis water
  • Don’t skimp on the pot size for your cannabis plant! More soil means more room for root growth and stronger, larger, and healthier plants. SoHum Living Soils® is designed to maintain proper internal humidity content, regardless of the depth of your soil.

 

Recommended Organic Super Soil

SoHum Living Soils® has been scientifically designed to provide all nutritional requirements of the cannabis plant for its entire life cycle. Our super soil recipe uses absolutely no synthetic chemicals or materials in our living soil and we never will. This soil will initiate and maintain the natural processes that your cannabis plants will require in order to grow big, strong, and healthy. Start growing with a cannabis super soil that brings results, and stop wasting your time with other products.

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Differences in Growing Sativa, Indica and Hybrid Cannabis

Growing Indica Sativa and Hybrid Cannabis

When growing cannabis strains, it is important to know exactly how to care for the specific types you grow. Different strains have different needs, and meeting them appropriately can help you get a better yield of potent buds. Read on to learn some key differences in growing indica, sativa, and hybrid cannabis strains.

 

Key Differences between Growing Sativa, Indica and Hybrid Cannabis

The first thing to understand is that it is almost always easier to grow an indica strain. Indicas are popular with people who want to grow at home because they offer some benefits for growing both inside and outside. If you are growing inside, you may appreciate how indicas do not get too tall. Theyy normally fit easily beneath your ceiling and light setup. If you grow them outside, your short, bushy plants may not be as obvious to anyone who quickly glances across your property.

Indicas are also normally more forgiving. They offer a shorter time to flower, and naturally larger yields, so even inexperienced growers can get them to flower and produce a decent amount of bud. The generally short flowering time makes them nice for climates that only have a short outdoor growing season.

Since sativas originally come from near the equator, they are better equipped to handle hot, humid environments. If you happen to live in one of those environments, sativas are probably a good bet. They are also your best option if you like using a grow house where you have a hard time keeping the temperature low enough for indicas.

They also need less frequent feeding and fertilizing, which helps reduce the work some.  Sativas can be worth the effort because of the cerebral, energetic effects they offer. Their more demanding needs for specific light is partially offset by their ability to resist mold better than indicas.

As is the case for cannabis consumers, hybrids can offer the best of both worlds for growers. The trick here is in knowing if a hybrid is more like an indica or sativa. For example, the flowering time and shape of the plant can differ widely. Many produce big yields, but not all do.

You can often find information about a specific hybrid, like which strains it contains, to help you get a better idea. Consult with an experienced budtender or grower to brush up about a specific hybrid.

growing sativa indica hybrid

 

Similarities Between Indica, Sativa and Hybrid

There is definitely much that different strains have in common when it comes to a good growing experience. Attention to detail is a must. Plants produce bigger, more potent buds when you treat them right. Be sure to:

  • Stay on a great schedule for watering.
  • Trim and train the plants if necessary
  • Adjust the amount of light they get over time.
  • Do your research

The main similarity between indicas, sativas and hybrids is that they all require great cannabis soil. If you know that your soil has all the nutrients your plants need, you do not have to worry as much about feeding and fertilizing your plant.

 

SoHum Living Soils®

SoHum Living Soils® offers premium gardening supplies for those who are growing any type of cannabis strain. Home growers have had high levels of success growing all different kinds of cannabis with our products.

Contact us to learn more about what makes our living soil so special, and how it can help your plant reach its potential.

 

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Growing Cannabis: 10 Tips for Success with Growing Your Own Weed

growing cannabis

Growing Cannabis & Where to Start

Ever thought about growing your own cannabis? It’s a great hobby akin to gardening. But, instead of being left with a bunch of tomatoes, you’ll yield a crop that’s a lot more fun.

It doesn’t matter if you don’t have a green thumb.

Once you learn the proper steps, you’ll realize it’s easier to do than you think. With some patience and THC–sorry, TLC–your pot plants will be thriving in no time.

You’ll find a sense of pride in growing your own pot. Plus, you can cut out the middle man and get high on your own supply.

If any of this piques your interest that you must read these ten tips for growing cannabis. You’ll be sprouting buds in no time.

 

1. The Better the Cannabis Soil, the Better the Cannabis

It’s no accident we listed this tip at the top of our list. Nothing will affect the quality of your cannabis more than the quality of the soil you choose to grow it in.

You feed children nutritious food to help them grow, right? Well, your cannabis child needs nutritious food too.

The best thing for your plant is living soil.

This specialty soil contains all the nutrients, good bacterias, and friendly fungus your cannabis needs. Growing in living soil ensures that your plant meets its full genetic potential.

 

2. Say No to Clones

Once you’ve chosen your soil, you need to figure out what to put in it. You have two options: clone plants or seeds.

A clone is cut from a previously grown plant. It would seem like starting with an already developed plant would be a nice head start.

In fact, a clone can actually set you back.

Not only are they difficult to transplant, but they also come with a lot of baggage. Clones carry weaknesses and diseases from their mother plants. You could be setting yourself up for failure.

Growing from seeds may seem intimidating. But you’ll get a stronger, more fertile plant in the long run.

 

4. It’s All About Location, Location, Location

Soil? Check. Seeds? Check. Now, it’s time to pick an area to put them all.

Cannabis is a very picky plant. Its growing location is paramount to its success. Ideally, you live in a location with eighteen hours of light, slight humidity, and gentle breezes.

If you don’t live in one of those idyllic climates, don’t fret! You can replicate it inside.

The advantage to indoor growing is that you will have complete control of your environment. You’ll need lights, humidifiers, fans, and a closed-off spot in your home.

You can never fully replicate the value of the sun. But, this small, controlled set up is ideal for first-time growers.

 

5. Be Afraid of the Dark

Like all plants, cannabis needs light to survive. Do you remember Photosynthesis from high school bio? This process gives plants the energy it needs to grow by absorbing energy from the sun.

Your indoor grow lamps will be the sun providing energy for your starving cannabis. The best bulbs are high output fluorescents. They should be positioned no more than four inches away from the sprouting plant.

You also need to replicate nighttime by shutting the lamps off for approximately six hours a day. This will give your plants the rest they need to grow big and strong.

 

6. Don’t Over-Water When Growing Cannabis!

After nutrients and light, water completes a plant’s healthy diet. But like all things, moderation is key.

Your plant will tell you if it’s being overwatered. Its leaves curl up away from the pot when they’ve had enough.

Too much water will drown your roots and your plant will stop growing. Since there’s no way to give roots CPR, it’s best to under-water rather than over.

 

8. If You’re Comfortable, Your Cannabis is Comfortable

Your plant is just like you. It prefers a nice temperature of around 74 degrees Fahrenheit. If you’re too hot or too cold, then you can be certain your plant is too.

This is very important to be aware of. While you might just feel uncomfortable, your plant could be at risk of death.

To avoid this, place a thermometer in your growing space and checking it regularly.

 

7. Don’t Be Your Plant’s Only Fan

Cannabis plants need airflow to prosper. If you’re growing indoors, you most likely don’t have a moderate breeze flowing through your home.

That’s why you need fans. Stagnant air can cause unwanted mold and bacteria to grow on your cannabis. Fans, used together with exhaust systems, can ensure quality flow.

Both you and your plant will breath better with adequate air circulation.

 

9. Be Prudent With Your Pruning

If all the above conditions are met, your cannabis will be prospering in no time. But, there’s still much work to be done.

To get the biggest growth possible, you need to diligently prune your plant. That means cutting off the plant’s lower nodes. Lower nodes won’t receive enough light. By removing them, you’re saving energy for the rest of your plant.

 

10. Dry and Cure the Buds

Drying and curing your buds is probably the most important part of this whole process. Any moisture left on your buds could result in mold destroying your harvest.

To dry them, you need to place your buds on a rack in a temperature-controlled space with good airflow. Curing is done by storing the dried buds in mason jars.

The more diligent you are with your drying and curing, the better results you’ll have with your cannabis.

 

Growing Cannabis is Easy with These 10 Tips

Growing cannabis takes commitment and patience. But, if you’re willing to learn and put in the effort, anyone can do it.

Interested in trying this hobby out yourself? Then get started on the right foot by providing your plants with the best soil possible. Check out our living soil now and get on your way to growing!

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The BEST Soil for A Vegetable Garden

What is the best soil for a vegetable garden?

Vegetable Garden Soil 101:

So, you’re looking for the best vegetable garden soil for your new garden – where to even start, with so many choices? In this article, we look to outline a few different considerations, to guide you in the right direction, and ensure your garden’s success! By the end of this article, you’ll be ready to choose the best soil type for vegetables and for your garden. Let’s get started.

 

Why Choose a Container Garden?

A container garden is the best way to grow vegetables in soil for those with limited outdoor space. They offer maximum control, allowing you to move plants as necessary according to your vegetable needs.

They can be held indoors or outdoors depending on the season. Essentially, a vegetable garden in a planter can be put just about anywhere, as long as your plants are receiving adequate light.

 

What Containers Should I Use?

It’s a matter of personal preference as long as you keep a few guidelines in mind.

  • Try to avoid dark-colored containers if your garden will be outdoors. They may be attractive, but they absorb a lot of heat from the sun and can dry out your soil and destroy beneficial microorganisms.
  • Terracotta, ceramic or cloth-based planters are excellent for root aeration. When you are using a high-quality soil, oxygen will also keep helpful microbes thriving and healthy.
  • Select planter(s) as large as your space will allow. More space means more substantial root growth and more vigorous plants.
  • Choose planters that allow for adequate drainage, or modify your pots or planters for this purpose.

 

What is the Best Soil for a Vegetable Garden?

The best soil for vegetables grown in containers, especially for those who wish to grow them by organic standards, is a living soil like SoHum Living Soils®. Our organic soil was explicitly designed for this type of gardening and contains all requirements for vegetables including micronutrients, macronutrients, natural organic material, beneficial microorganisms and natural pH buffers.

No artificial additives are ever needed with our gardening soil, simply water your plants, give them adequate light and watch them grow.

 

 

How To Maintain an Attractive Container Garden

  • Do not overwater! The beneficial microbes in your living soil and your root systems need plenty of oxygen. Water your vegetables when the top inch of your planter is dry.
  • Be on the lookout for pests. If your area is heavily trafficked with deer, rabbits and other rodents, consider elevating your planters or moving it indoors to grow under artificial light
  • Be patient. It can be tempting to harvest as soon as you recognize a vegetable, but waiting a week or two may make a tremendous difference in your yield.

 

Be Creative with Your Garden

A garden can be a beautiful work of art. Since using our soil means you won’t be spending your time mixing it, fertilizing or maintaining acidity, so you can spend more time making an attractive vegetable garden that reflects your style. Choose a planter or a pot you find attractive and spend time organizing and decorating them to your liking.

Also, experiment with maximizing your available garden space: Cherry tomatoes and herbs grow well in hanging pots, which are more attractive at eye level and can double your grow area. A window box full of snap peas, lettuce or herbs would be lovely outside of a kitchen window

This type of garden can be practical, beautiful and a fun way to grow vegetables indoors or with limited outdoor space. So long as you are patient, attentive and use SoHum Living Soils® as your growing medium, the possibilities are limited only by your imagination.

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Home Growing 101

Growing at home for the first time can be an exhilarating experience, especially when your state says it’s okay for you to do so. The legalization of medical and adult-use cannabis in certain states allows residents to exercise their right to grow cannabis in their own closets, basements, spare bedrooms, and creative spaces. Before you head over to purchase your dream grow kit, be aware there are many variables that can make or break a successful grow cycle.

Landlords

The State of Oklahoma allows you to cultivate cannabis at home with just a few important rules. Be sure to follow them! You must ask permission from your landlord before you starting your grow. If you rent or lease, your landlord can deny you the right to grow on their property. Don’t spend thousands of dollars on a cultivation setup only to find out you don’t have permission. You might be surprised to know that many landlords openly rent to growers—but they expect and deserve full disclosure.

HVAC and Ventilation

Now that your landlord has agreed to let you start your personal home grow, you’ll want to research the best temperature and humidity that your plants will need through each phase of their grow cycle. Cannabis loves high-intensity light, heat, and water, but you’ll want to ventilate the air to control the temperature and humidity. This will prevent mold and mildew from growing on your plants and mildew contamination inside your home. The correct environmental controls will prevent you from costly repairs or heated discussions with your landlord. Consult your local grow shop for assistance, read books and magazines, and search YouTube for great instructional videos.

Cultivating cannabis will ‘stink out’ the entire neighborhood. Trust me. I know. Don’t be that grower. Use charcoal filters, PCO technology (Photo Catalytic Oxidation), ozone generators, or a combination of processes to eliminate or mask the smell. If neighbors become upset with the odor, local authorities will be called, and harassment will ensue even though you are legally exercising your rights. It’s better not to invite trouble. Be a good neighbor and don’t draw attention to yourself.

Photographer: Jake Baum Grower: Kris “Sparky” Molskness

Growing Styles

Hydroponics, aeroponics, geoponics? Where do you start? Shopping at your local grow shop can be overwhelming for the budding cultivator. Aisle after aisle of colorful bottles of nutrients line the shelves and choosing from the hundreds of products can be daunting. If you find yourself just this shade of confused, I’d advise you to K.I.S.S, Keep It Simple Stupid. It’s easy to get carried away with all of the different products available but start with a simple growing style with easy recipes and nutrients that fit your budget. Each season, you’ll become more familiar with your equipment and can begin to branch out into new techiques and equipment. Growing can be expensive and understanding all of the input costs is crucial.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

BUGS, MOLD, and MILDEW! Everyone gets them so be aware. By the time you visually see you have an issue or outbreak the problem is already bad. Visit your local grow store or use Google to search the web and diagnose your problem. Once you have identified the issue, you can set a plan of attack in place to correct it. After you have the pest or pathogen under control, maintain a consistent schedule of treating your plants. Keeping your approach proactive versus reactive will serve your crop much better and your rate of success will be much improved. A reminder that poor environmental control can be the root cause of molds and mildews, so pay attention and manage temperature and humidity as an IPM protocol will only get you so far.

Genetics

When Colorado legalized medical cannabis, you could purchase clones from dispensaries. In those early days, I remember the feeding frenzy of strain collection. The grower community was eager to which varieties we could obtain and what their properties were. The quality of your genetics will dictate the quality of the end product. If you start with inferior genetics, you will end up with an inferior crop. So, do the research and find a reliable resource for your starting material whether it’s seeds or propagated clones.
As a side note, be very careful to vet your source plants. Many diseases and pests are passed along to growers when genetic exchanges occur. When receiving clones/plants be sure to inspect for pests and disease while following a strict IPM intake protocol for all new plants, utilizing a heavy dose of organic pesticides and fungicides.

Lighting

Lighting is a wormhole that you can get lost in while researching. Back in those early days of legalization, we only had access to metal halides and high-pressure sodium (HPS) lighting technology. Now there are hundreds of LED companies and products, not to mention many other types of lighting. Most lights will grow plants but finding the right light for your personal grow has many variables to take into consideration. First up, budget. HPS cost $300 to $500 a unit while some LED equivalents can cost up to $2000. Second is understanding your work space. One type of light may work better than another when considering low ceilings or lack of ventilation options.

Photographer: Jake Baum Grower: Kris “Sparky” Molskness

 

Resources

There is no better teacher than getting some dirt under your fingernails. Don’t be afraid to learn as you go in your garden. Successes may taste sweet, but failure brings the opportunity for deeper learning. Be sure to arm yourself with as much knowledge as you can. From print publications to online cannabis community forums, you’ll find a plethora of information—and opinions. Get to know the players and read some of the classics of modern cannabis cultivation like ‘Ed Rosenthal’s Marijuana Grower’s Handbook.’

There are thousands of YouTube videos discussing every topic you will ever need for growing. Some may be useful while others not so much. The more you learn from trusted resources, the more you’ll be able to see through flawed advice. YouTube is a great resource for sharing information, but it helps to know if the author is better at social media videos than they are growing cannabis.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Ellis Smith is co-founder and Chief Development Officer of American Cannabis Company (ACC). He has more than 20 years of horticulture experience in the specialty cut flower market, operating indoor gardens which helped him understand complex growing systems. As a cannabis grower, he developed an all natural soil medium known as SoHum Living Soil® which is used by hundreds of commercial cannabis operations. As CDO of ACC, Mr. Smith is also responsible for the design and construction of more than 1 million square feet of cannabis grow space in the U.S. and Canada.